Definition

Psychiatry is a medical field concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental health conditions.

A doctor who works in psychiatry is called a psychiatrist. Unlike other mental health professionals, such as psychologists and counsellors, psychiatrists must be medically qualified doctors who have chosen to specialise in psychiatry. This means they can prescribe medication as well as recommend other forms of treatment.

Most psychiatrists work as part of community mental health teams (CMHTs), in outpatient clinics or hospital wards. Some carry out sessions in GP surgeries.

What conditions can psychiatrists treat?

Mental health conditions that may be diagnosed and treated by a psychiatrist include:

Psychiatrists may also provide psychological support for people with long-term, painful or terminal physical health conditions.

Getting an appointment

To see a psychiatrist, you need to be referred by your GP. Your GP will refer you to a psychiatrist who specialises in the area of psychiatry that is related to your condition. For example, this may be:

  • childhood and adolescent psychiatry
  • general adult psychiatry
  • older person’s psychiatry
  • learning disabilities
  • psychotherapy (talking therapies)

In some areas, patients referred to mental health services may be asked to have an assessment with a different mental health professional, who may be better placed to meet their needs, before an appointment with a psychiatrist is arranged.

If you wish to see a psychiatrist privately, you can contact a psychiatric clinic directly to get an appointment. Alternatively, you can ask your GP to refer you.

You can check the details of a psychiatrist, including their area of speciality, by looking on the medical register (a directory of all the practising doctors in the UK).

If a clinician has the letters MRCPsych (Member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists) or FRCPsych (Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists) after their name, they are a current member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPsych).

What happens during your appointments

During your first appointment, your psychiatrist will carry out an initial assessment. They'll look at both your mental and physical health, and may ask:

  • about the problem that brought you to see them
  • general questions about your life and thoughts
  • to carry out a simple physical examination, such as checking your blood pressure – for example, before prescribing certain medications
  • for information from other sources, such as your GP, relatives and social workers

After assessing your condition, the psychiatrist may prescribe medication for you or they may recommend other treatments, such as counselling or cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).

The number of times that you need to see a psychiatrist and the length of each appointment will depend on your circumstances.

A psychiatrist may continue to manage your treatment or they may refer you to other mental health community services in your area. These services work in small units or clinics and aim to help people manage their illness so they can lead a normal life within the community.

Further information and support

The Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPsych) have mental health advice in a number of areas including problems and disorders, treatments and wellbeing and advice for parents and young people.

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The information on this page has been adapted by NHS Wales from original content supplied by NHS Choices.
Last Updated: 13/08/2018 11:05:18