Introduction

Piles (haemorrhoids) are lumps inside and around your bottom (anus). They often get better on their own after a few days. There are things you can do to treat and prevent piles.

Check if it's piles

Symptoms of piles include:

  • bright red blood after you poo
  • an itchy anus
  • feeling like you still need to poo after going to the toilet
  • slimy mucus in your underwear or on toilet paper after wiping your bottom
  • lumps around your anus
  • pain around your anus

How you can treat or prevent piles

Do:

  • drink lots of fluid and eat plenty of fibre to keep your poo soft
  • wipe your bottom with damp toilet paper
  • take paracetamol if piles hurt
  • take a warm bath to ease itching and pain
  • use an ice pack wrapped in a towel to ease discomfort
  • gently push a pile back inside
  • keep your bottom clean and dry
  • exercise regularly
  • cut down on alcohol and caffeine (like tea, coffee and cola) to avoid constipation

Don't:

  • do not wipe your bottom too hard after you poo
  • do not ignore the urge to poo
  • do not push too hard when pooing
  • do not take painkillers that contain codeine, as they cause constipation
  • do not take ibuprofen if your piles are bleeding
  • do not spend more time than you need to on the toilet

Ask a pharmacist about treatment for piles

A pharmacist can suggest:

  • creams to ease the pain, itching and swelling
  • treatment to help constipation and soften poo
  • cold packs to ease discomfort

Many pharmacies have private areas if you do not want to be overheard.

Find a pharmacy

See a GP if:

  • there's no improvements after 7 days of treatment at home
  • you keep getting piles

Your GP may prescribe stronger medicines for haemorrhoids or constipation.

Ask for an urgent GP appointment or call 111 if:

  • you have piles and your temperature is very high or you feel hot and shivery and generally unwell
  • you have pus leaking from your piles

Hospital treatment for piles

If there's no improvement to your piles after home treatments, you may need hospital treatment.

Talk to your doctor about the best treatment for you. Treatment does not always prevent piles coming back.

Treatment without surgery

Common hospital treatments include:

  • rubber band ligation: a band is placed around your piles to make them drop off
  • sclerotherapy: a therapy is injected into your piles to make them shrink
  • electrotherapy: a gentle electric current is applied to your piles to make them shrink

You'll be awake for this type of treatment, but the area will be numbed.

If these treatments do not work, you may need surgery to remove your piles.

Surgery

Surgical treatments include:

  • haemorrhoidectomy: your piles are cut out
  • stapled haemorrhoidopexy: your piles are staples back inside your anus
  • haemorrhoidal artery ligation: stitches are used to cut the blood supply to your piles to make them shrink

You'll usually need to be asleep for this type of treatment and may need to stay in hospital for more than 1 day.

Go to A&E or call 999 if you have piles and:

  • you're bleeding non-stop
  • there's a lot of blood - for example, the toilet water turns red or you see large blood clots
  • you're in severe pain

What causes piles?

Piles are swollen blood vessels. It's not clear what causes them.

Things that make piles more likely:

  • constipation
  • pushing too hard when pooing
  • pregnancy
  • heavy lifting

 

 

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The information on this page has been adapted by NHS Wales from original content supplied by NHS Choices.
Last Updated: 14/10/2019 11:26:17