Cookies on this website

We use cookies on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the NHS Direct Wales website. However, if you would like to, you can change your cookie settings at any time.

Live Well

First Aid Kit

To find out about what essentials you need in your first aid kit and how to use them, click on an item.


FirstAidKit Bandages Alcohol Free Wipes Scissors Eye Pad plasters Triangular Bandage Dressing Pads Safety Pins Sterile Gloves
Waterproof Plasters

Waterproof Plasters

If a wound is bleeding but is fairly small, a waterproof plaster can be used once the wound has been washed with water and padded dry. If you’re preparing food in the kitchen, use a blue plaster so you will see it if it drops in the food.

Eye Pad

Sterile Eyepads

If the wound is small or the patient has a foreign object in their eye such as dirt or grit, but is not embedded, you can use an eye pad or small dressing until you get medical advice.

To use the eye pad, apply it lightly over the eye and secure it with some bandage around the head using a knot or tape.

.

Crepe Bandage

Crepe Bandage

Crepe bandages are mainly used for sprained or strained ankles or wrists. Before applying the bandage, treat the injury with an ice pack to reduce swelling. After 10 minutes, remove the ice pack for a few minutes before re-applying. If the swelling does not go down, it could be a break so you should seek medical advice as an x-ray may be needed.

If you think it’s just a strain and some of the swelling has gone down as a result of the ice pack, apply the crepe bandage for support and secure using tape or safety pins.

Sling

Triangular Bandage(sling)

You can use a triangular bandage in many different ways; as a sling to lift a limb (which is tied at the back of the neck), to prevent blood loss, to secure a fractured collar bone or hand and for sprains and strains if crepe bandage isn’t available.

Dressing Pads

Sterile Dressing Pads

The pads which come in a variety sizes and have a bandage attached to them. They are used to cover most common wounds whenever a plaster is too small.

When applying, the pad should be completely sealed down to stop infections entering the wound and stop blood seeping out. The bandage should be secured by tying a knot, safety pins or tape.

If the wound is severe, apply the dressing and seek medical advice. If blood soaks through the dressing, do not remove it. Instead, take a large dressing and apply it over the top as a second layer.

.

 

Sterile Gloves

Sterile Gloves

Sterile gloves are used to protect the patient if the first aider’s hands are dirty and protects the first aider if the patient is bleeding.

 

Tough Cut Scissors

Tough Cut Scissors

These are used to cut clothing to get to a wound or a fracture. They are safety scissors so there is no danger of cutting skin.

You should only use these scissors if you need to see the injury. If the wound is on the arm or leg, cut along the seam of the trousers or the shirt and on a side away from the wound.

 

Alcohol-free wipes

Alcohol-free Wipes

These are used to clean grazes and minor wounds when water is not available.

To avoid introducing an infection, only wipe the wound once before disposing of the wipe. Use a new wipe and repeat if necessary.

 

Safety Pins

Safety Pins

Safety pins can be used to secure crepe bandage or for securing a sling on the elbow.

 

 

Tape

Tape

Used to secure bandages.

 

 

Further Information.

Click here to find out more about first aid techniques.
Use our Local Services Search to find you nearest Accident & Emergency and Minor Injury units.

Have you thought about taking a course in first aid?  Training is available from the Welsh Ambulance Service,  British Red Cross and St John Ambulance.

Please leave your rating


Thank you for your rating
Average Rating
based on 15 ratings


2 ratings
0 rating
0 rating
0 rating
13 ratings
Please leave your rating

Average Rating
based on 15 ratings
2 ratings
0 rating
0 rating
0 rating
13 ratings
1000 Lives Campaign health challenge wales Twf change for life stonewall